Dante Brunol

From Cryonics Wiki
Dante Brunol in May 1969

Mario Dante Bruno-Lena[1] (known as Dante Brunol; 1926? – January 1978)[1] was an Italian biophysicist (Ph.D.), M.D., and surgeon living in the United States.[2] Born in Northern Italy, he devised the first protocol for cryopreserving a human being with the hope of eventual revival ("The Method for Freezing Humans").[3] He participated in James Bedford's cryopreservation in January 1967 and Marie Phelps-Sweet's cryopreservation in August-September 1967.[3]

Sometime between 1966 and 1967, Robert Ettinger asked Brunol to produce a formal, written protocol for cryopreserving cryonics patients.[2] Due to technical difficulties only a crude approximation of the protocol was actually used in the case of Bedford.[1] At the time of the cryopreservation of Bedford it appears Brunol was employed at the University of Southern California near where the preservation took place.[3] Apparently he lost his position briefly as a result of his involvement, but soon regained it (some details are unclear).[3]

He died in his native Italy in January 1978, at age 51, and was not cryopreserved.[1]


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